Sector's we work in
Hydropower & Dam Engineering
Hydropower is a rapidly expanding sector due to the huge encouragement by global world leaders to reduce the CO2 emissions and produce long term renewable energy solutions to help make the world a sustainable planet, hydroelectricity is the ability to produce renewable energy into power and life.
The current potential for hydropower development and construction is around 70% of the world’s current water resources, harnessing this potential is the true challenge that encompasses the exciting environment of hydropower.
Hydropower accounts for about 16% of global energy generation and this is expected to increase at about 3% each year for the next 25 years. Hydropower remains one of the greatest potentials for renewable energy worldwide with many countries looking at significant reserves of untapped hydropower potential. With the growing acceptance of internationally recognised sustainable hydropower development guidelines from the World Bank and other agencies hydropower development is moving forward at a significant pace again. There is significant hydropower development in many countries across Asia and Latin America with a growing interest in Africa. This drive is putting a strain on the ability of developers to take projects forward and there is a global shortage of experienced engineers and managers across all hydropower disciplines.
Hydropower harnesses the potential energy from river water by abstracting it and passing it through a turbine at a lower altitude. There are two main types of hydropower scheme: run-of-river, which takes only the water available in the river at any one instance in time; and storage, which makes use of a dam to store water in a reservoir. Pumped storage schemes are a variation on the storage type and typically have a reservoir at the top and bottom of the scheme. Water can be pumped up the hill during low electricity demand times and released through the turbines when the requirement for electricity is higher and hence the tariff is greater.
As well as abiding by local laws and planning regulations most companies have their reputations to consider and are increasingly concerned about ethical practices. Therefore, although hydropower can involve flooding areas of land and displacing people and wildlife, the project developers are keen to mitigate against negative impacts. Therefore, in addition to benefitting the environment through producing clean, carbon-free energy, hydropower projects often have a positive impact on local communities as jobs and training can be provided, infrastructure is improved and communities benefit from an electricity supply that was not available before.
Hydropower is an attractive form of renewable energy as it can provide large quantities of electricity without the requirement for expensive fuel, therefore hydropower projects are being developed worldwide to support local communities and the effects of climate change.
Power, Thermal & Renewable Energy
Electricity is generated from a wide range of fuel sources, including fossil fuels (oil, natural gas & coal), mineral fuels (uranium) or renewable sources (solar, wind, hydro, tidal, biomass & geothermal). Coal, oil and natural gas (conventional thermal) fired generation accounts for more than 65% of all electricity production worldwide.
Coal and gas fired generation represent a major portion of worldwide electricity production and form the backbone of the global electricity generation market. These fuels together make-up around 62% of the total electricity generation globally - coal 40% and gas fired generation 22%. Hydro power generates around 16%, nuclear around 12%, oil 5%, and other including wind, geothermal, solar, biofuels, and waste around 5% of the total production.
Coal plants utilise thermal energy in the fuel to generate high energy steam in the boiler, which is then used to generate electricity by rotating the steam turbine and the coupled electric generator. Together with hydropower the coal powerplants are the oldest power generation technology that has expedited the industrialisation and brought about the modern economies of the 20th century.
Gas fired plants use the thermal energy in the fuel obtained through combustion and convert into kinetic energy to rotate a gas turbine and the coupled electric generator. Additional electricity is generated by utilising the waste heat from the gas turbine, which is introduced into a boiler generating high energy steam that rotates the turbine and the coupled electric generator.
Coal and gas are continuing to play a significant role in the global electricity generation while the power industry is trying to find ways of reducing the CO2 footprint through improvement of fuel efficiencies, new technologies, proving of CO2 capture and sequestration, in parallel with continuing to increase the penetration of renewable technologies such as Wind and Solar.
The transition from Thermal to Renewable Energy has taken huge strides over recent decades. Harnessing power from the natural world and the fruits of mother nature has never been greater and this will continue in our efforts to fight climate change and build a better world.
Infrastructure, Geotechnical & Tunnel Engineering
The world is rapidly expanding with every country’s culture trying to keep up with the huge demand of public life. With a vastly increasing population and the need for both new build and refurbishments of existing infrastructure projects in the developing and already developed countries, it is crucial that the infrastructure continue to grow and innovate to keep up with these demands.
The arteries of the built environment continue to pump the global population in the form of roads / highways, bridges, tunnels, underground construction, rail and buildings. With the global economy heavily reliant on one another it is imperative that communications are developed and improved to withstand the huge level of population traffic.
Geotechnical can be used for a variety of different sectors and industries as a starting point for any potential civil, structural or building construction project. The grounds of any development need the upmost expertise of integrity to help produce an incredible structure from design to completion, every project has a beginning.
Tunnelling plays a critical role across transport infrastructure projects acting as a network to connect people throughout remote locations, urban areas and countries in our modern world, often presenting significant challenges which requires a high level of expertise and innovation. Tunnelling keeps the planet connected under the surface and maximises the Earth’s space.
Mining & Minerals
Acquiring the earth’s natural resources to provide the materials required to support other major industries including: Construction, Motor, Power, Jewellery & FMCG.
Mining has existed as long as civilisations have; humans naturally made use of resources in the earth’s crust; stone for houses and metals for tools. It is now a huge supporter of our modern economy in many regions of the world including the developed and underdeveloped.
The industry advanced considerably in the 1800’s continuing through to the present day on a global scale, preliminary in the western world then prevalently now in developing countries.
Mining techniques vary depending on the type of deposit to be extracted, which is assessed under scrutiny to ensure the most cost effective and safest methods are utilised.
Safety is a key aspect and as technology develops, and mining techniques enhance, it is still very much a dangerous industry to work in.
In the modern world the environmental aspects are a huge concern. As populations and consumerism increase, there is a higher demand for these commodities to sustain everyday life, not just as a luxury. Corporate Social Responsibility is paramount as companies are aware of the implications to communities, the environment and the consequences if due diligence is not followed.
The industry still secures high investment capital even after the dip in commodity prices that followed the boom, all within the last decade. From the major producers through to the junior exploration companies, all are able to compete legitimately for business and industry growth.
MEP, Building Services & Sustainablity Engineering
Building services is an umbrella term for any utilities concerned with the internal environment of a building and the impact a building or structure has on its surroundings and the environment.
Providing Building Services are what make a building come to life, it must do what it is designed to do but also provide a space where people can live and work. It is Building Services along with the management and science that enables great advances in this sector. One must understand all MEP service systems holistically with reference to their financial, environmental and social impacts - working alongside Architects, Designers, Structural Engineers, Facility Managers and Building Tenants to produce plans that are specific. Appropriate and responsive solutions create a balanced and controllable internal environment to provide integral building performance encompassing Sustainability.
An M&E Building Services Consultant is responsible for the design, installation, operation and monitoring of the mechanical, electrical and public health systems; they work closely with other construction professionals such as Architects, Structural Engineers and Quantity Surveyors. They provide expert advice which influences the architecture of a building and play a significant role on the sustainability, energy demand and cost efficiency of a project.
Building Services Engineers are involved in all stages of a construction project, from initial feasibility through to the inspection of a building at completion They have the opportunity to design and deliver the building which uses the latest technologies and meet the most rigorous standards.
Architecture, Urban & Interior Design
Architecture is a fascinating and highly rewarding professional field integrating a great diversity of knowledge and skill.
Architecture is primarily the design process of the construction industry. Professionals in this sector are involved in securing a brief (or program) from commercial or property developers that identifies their functional, spatial and subjective requirements of their proposed project. The architectural studio translates the brief into drawings and specifications for client discussion, authority approvals and finally construction. Architects can specialise in any part of that process and may become involved in urban design, master planning, interior design and/or project management.
Whilst serving the most well-rounded professionals, the very nature of architecture also leaves every individual a wide range of choices in which they can deepen and focus their career - from planning to design, technical, construction and management. Furthermore, a variety of building typologies and sectors, such as: mixed use, hospitality, transportation, institutional, residential or commercial schemes offer every individual the greatest freedom to engage in a field tailored to their desires and talents. Having always been a showcase for a comprehensive and integrated work approach with multidisciplinary project teams of Planners, Engineers and Designers; the profession continues to evolve. Today architecture engages the most widely distributed fields of technology, natural and social sciences in a challenge to adapt to the changing needs of society and to lead the shaping of the built environment, determining people's lives and well-being.